Elastomeric materials are usually measured with either a Shore A Scale Durometer or an IRHD
dead load system. These tests are designed for use with samples approx 6mm thick, and a surface area sufficient to permit at least 3 test
points 5mm apart, 13mm from any edge.
Microhardness testers, Shore "A" Micro (M), or IRHD Micro (M), are utilised to measure samples which are too small for testing with macro instruments.
The Shore type instrument is a spring loaded indentation device, in which
values are obtained as a function of the viscoelastic property of the material. The truncated cone
indentor, extends 0.098inch (2.5mm)) and is pressed onto the sample against an 822g spring.
Each 0.001 inch of deflection of the indentor is shown as 1 degree Shore (A),
therefore, the harder the material, the more the deflection, the higher the number.
Materials reading below 10 degrees and above 90 degrees can be tested using Shore O & D
scales respectively. The scales "OO" is designed to read materials less than 10 Shore "O".
Scales "B" & "C" are intermediate scales and the specifications are hybrids of the
"A" & "D".
The microhardness tester reading Shore "A" Micro is basically a combination of "OO" Spring
and "D" Indentor (set at 0.050inch (1.25mm)). The instrument is comparative and is supplied with
a set of reference blocks which enable calibration to the macro "A" value.
The IRHD (International Rubber Hardness Degrees) instrument has a spherical indentor which
indents the sample under a minor and major Load. The differential indentation depth is measured
and tabulated to read directly in "IRHD" degrees. The displacement/IRHD degrees
conversion table is published in ISO 48 : 1994. The standard shows three different combinations
of Ball & Loadings, (N) Normal, (H) High and (L) Low.
|Soft rubber, sponge rubber, skinned urethane foam, cork||Shore 0 & 00||Pad printers, fruit, tissues, automotive trim|
|Medium hard rubber, flexible polyurethane, soft polymers, felts||Shore A, Shore "A" Micro (M), IRHD, IRHD Micro (M)||General rubber parts, tyres, rollers, piano felts, sealants, seals, O-Rings|
|Medium hard rubber, polyurethane, plastics||Shore C||Automotive trim, hard rubber rollers|
|Hard rubber, rigid polyurethane, thermo plastics, epoxy resin||Shore D||Potting compounds, general plastic parts, vinyl flooring, brake pads, calendar rolls|
|BS 903-A26:1995, ISO 48:1994||Physical testing of rubber. Method for determination of hardness (hardness between 10 IRHD and 100 IRHD)|
|BS 903-A57:1997, ISO 7619:1997||Physical testing of rubber. Determination of indentation hardness by means of pocket hardness meters|
|BS EN ISO 868:1998||Plastics and ebonite. Determination of indentation hardness by means of a a durometer (Shore hardness)|
|ASTM D1415-88(1999)||Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-International Hardness|
|ASTM D2240-02||Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Durometer Hardness|
|DIN 53505||Prüfung von Kautschuk, Elastomeren und Kunststoffen; Härteprüfung nach Shore A und Shore D|
|DIN 53519-1||Prüfung von Elastomeren; Bestimmung der Kugeldruckhärte von Weichgummi, Internationaler Gummihärtegrad (IRHD); Härteprüfung an Normproben|
|DIN 53519-2||Prüfung von Elastomeren; Bestimmung der Kugeldruckhärte von Weichgummi, Internationaler Gummihärtegrad (IRHD); Härteprüfung an Proben geringer Abmessungen, Mikrohärteprüfung|
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